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Epitestosterone- And Testosterone-replacement In Immature Castrated Rats Changes Main...

Discussion in 'Scientific Studies' started by pubmed: testosterone, Feb 13, 2019 at 10:53 AM.

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    Epitestosterone- and testosterone-replacement in immature castrated rats changes main testicular developmental characteristics.

    Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2018 02 05;461:112-121

    Authors: Cavalari FC, da Rosa LA, Escott GM, Dourado T, de Castro AL, Kohek MBDF, Ribeiro MFM, Partata WA, de Fraga LS, Loss EDS

    Epitestosterone is the 17α-epimer of testosterone and has been described as an anti-androgen, since it inhibits the effects produced by testosterone and dihydrotestosterone via the nuclear androgen receptor (nAR). However, epitestosterone also displays an effect which is similar to the non-classical effect of testosterone, depolarizing the membrane potential of Sertoli cells and inducing a rapid Ca2+ uptake. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a treatment with epitestosterone on developmental parameters of immature rats. Animals were chemically castrated by using the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist cetrorelix and then received a replacement of 7 days with epitestosterone or testosterone. Replacement with either epitestosterone or testosterone restored the anogenital distance (AGD) and testicular weight which had been reduced by chemical castration. The immunocontent of nAR and the nAR-immunoreactivity were reduced by epitestosterone treatment in the testis of both castrated and non-castrated animals. Furthermore, testosterone was unable of changing the membrane potential of Sertoli cells through its non-classical action in the group of animals castrated and replaced with epitestosterone. In conclusion, in relation to the level of protein expression of nAR epitestosterone acts as an anti-androgen. However, it acts in the same way as testosterone when genital development parameters are evaluated. Moreover, in castrated rats epitestosterone suppressed the non-classical response of testosterone, changing the pattern of testosterone signalling via a membrane mechanism in Sertoli cells.

    PMID: 28870779 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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